Apache is a fairly straight forward setup if you use some utility or distribution to help you. A manual installation will take more time. You can Google installation instructions or use a utility like XAMPP to simplify the installation. XAMPP is a distribution that will walk you through an Apache, MySQL, PHP, phpMyAdmin installation. Once you get comfortable with XAMPP these software components can be installed on a Linux or Windows platform in a few minutes.
I'm running Mac OS (Leopard) which comes with a built-in Apache web server (2.2.6) and PHP (5.2.4) preinstalled. On Mac OS (Leopard), perform the following steps to get the Apache Web Server (AWS) and PHP up and running in minutes.
- Go to System Preferences. Under Internet and Network select the Sharing icon.
- Select the checkbox under Web Sharing. It will return your computer's website URL (IP address or host name) (i.e. http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/). This will also start AWS.
- Open up a browser and type your computer's website URL displayed in the Web Sharing page in System Preferences. After typing this URL in a browser. You should get a browser page that shows you your Apache web server is up and running. This is too cool. Mac OS's built in Apache web server takes just a few clicks to have Apache up and running.
- Once you've confirmed the Apache web server is up and running, type the httpd -V command to get information on your Apache installation.
$ httpd -V
The httpd -V command returns important information
- The Apache Web Server version you are running.
- The location of the Apache configuration file (httpd.conf).
- The location of the access and error log file.
- Apache configuration options.
Server version: Apache/2.2.6 (Unix)
With Mac OS (Leopard) you can find the access_log and error_log files in the following location:
Turn on PHP 5 on Leopard by uncommenting the following line in your httpd.conf file using a text editor.
# LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so
AWS needs to be stopped and restarted for the changes to take effect. Starting and stopping the AWS can be done through the System Preferences | Sharing window. Clicking the Web Sharing checkbox can be used to stop and start Apache. Restart the Apache Web Server so the configuration changes take effect.
Create a PHP configuration file. Then change the error reporting option to display all errors. Instructions:
$ cd /private/etc
$ sudo cp php.ini.default php.ini
$ sudo vi php.ini
Change the error reporting line using vi or a text editor to display all error messages.
error_reporting = E_ALL & -E_NOTICE
error_reporting = E_ALL
Test your PHP configuration
- In a browser type your computer's website displayed in the Sharing page. This should launch Safari and display an Apache web page.
- Create a page called test.php (lots of examples on Google). Save it in the directory Macintosh HD:Library:WebServer:Documents.
- Go to your browser and type your computer URL with a test php (lots on Google) program. If you get the PHP info your configuration is working.
Apache and PHP should now be up and running on your Mac. Have fun!